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tv   Life After Conflict  Al Jazeera  November 22, 2019 7:32pm-8:01pm +03

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just hours before it was set to expire japan now says it will resume trade negotiations with seoul tokyo had increased taxes on south korean chemical products during the dispute my old company they need to handle north korea the cooperation of japan and south korea along with the cooperation with the us is extremely important as i have said this repeatedly i think south korea has also made this decision based on a strategic point of view well terry parades have given way to protest marches as lebannon barks at 76 and dependence day demonstrators are gathered in downtown beirut you can see that that's live pictures they've been calling for political and economic change our test began last month over a new taxes and a failing economy are the headlines keep it here earth crisis next.
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and conflicts one of the silent and forgotten casualties is often the environment. from the chemical contamination of soils and the collapse of water and food supplies to the habitat damage caused by displacement. has devastating consequences. not sunni manmade infrastructure has but also natural ecosystems are destroyed and i'm a lives lost as well as human. but even amidst the most vicious struggles
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through people fighting to protect the world we live in and recover what was lost. i'm tanya a sheet and bangladesh in the world's largest refugee camps where people are working to co-exist with the elephants for which this region is home and i'm for the guitar loving on were group of scientists is rebuilding a seed bank that was displaced by the war in syria. in august 2017 a brutal campaign of ethnic cleansing began in myanmar. the military and buddhist radicals claimed the lives of more than $6000.00 in a single month. fearing death thousands more fled the country for the 4th of bangladesh. the scale of the exodus was enormous. today they are still unable to return home. there are over 1200000 rohingya refugees living
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inside of the sprawling cast the bunker that. this is now the biggest settlements of refugees in the world. many of them don't have access to clean water sanitation or even electricity. but after they arrived the survivors faced a new threat while i was rampaging through count. i'm meeting on one about them who witnessed an initial episode firsthand it came from there we did. just. that looked and came to a cost you know from the jungle over that way by directly to her shoulder and started beating her heart with it but it struck. this was no one not only construct repeatedly throughout the camp killing 13 people in the space of 5 months. can you tell me
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a little bit about what happened the 1st and last one of the mother died it was just sort of the body was just put on her own to hold on to the little one little bit of a little bit a little league out of the waiting room what happened after that that i took a little bit of that i will be out of you in wimbledon or the us in the water having a lot to do with the new boat going to head into a sort of fairness issue there but i didn't hear the whole hall that a mother that they talk to one of the mothers i said to him as if it had told the public good was i love you i got lost 1 in his official mind what okun is all about budget bloom is about oh i. don't know a lot. more about how to google the girls or whatever you pulled over a lawyer a little bit who's. the attack sparked an investigation into what was going on. recchi but i mean from the international union for conservation of nature believes the rapid expansion of the
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settlement had a profound impact on the natural environment this is the edge of the camp of the cave right here as this is where the forest began yes what's been going on was the cause behind all of these that you see on all camps they used to be forest there seems to be an elephant have habitat. the cap expanded at an astonishing rate over $1500.00 hectares of forests were cleared to accommodate the influx of hundreds of thousands of refugees. but nobody realised the devastating impact this would have the growing camps severed a vital lifeline for some of bangladesh's last remaining wild elephants blocking a herd of 40 from their only path to essential grazing brown. just over there is there is a species we call the elephant now the since the camp is completely blocking that coded door elephant cannot pass through this is in search of his shelter in such of
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his foodie the social is migration path elephants was trying to come inside the camp elephant came so many times and 13 you know simple life force and lost. and elephant is not necessarily a violent mammal it's very intelligent understands it has these emotions and is show us that its loss is habitat is desperate to do this a migration. it's in their d.n.a. elephant is a genetic memories and then know exactly where they have been growing where they have been roaming generation after generation they take the same path. the elephants of bangladesh are critically endangered there are just $268.00 left and they're increasingly under threat. $15000.00 hectares of land are already deforested in the country every year and this camp only adds to the problem. to help me understand what the elephants are up against i've hired
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a local guy. so the man in front of me. his name means golden boy and he's our tracker private day i think we're going to have. it's not long before we find clues that we're on the right path. honda had. it out that is if they bought a good one going to space is that they just saw bungalows going to the color didn't it out worked out i will be sick i thought i believe bank living is that. we find evidence of hungry elephants everywhere we're just to take our system to the skies like the elephant whisperer. 'd tells me that by the end of the summer much of the elephants food here will be gone. then they face a nightmare scenario attempt to migrate through the camp to me in march in search of fresh vegetation or risk running out of food. this is
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a place where they can i mean yes if they. were following the actual footsteps of the elephants. elephants have walked along this path every season for thousands of years i'm feeling really excited i wonder for actually going to encounter some elephants were being told that just a few steps away that they're there then i guess the odds a moment i can't believe. a majestic elephant standing proud on the horizon. it's just more experience i've never seen an elephant like my own my 1st time. it looks so peaceful in its natural habitat it's just really crazy to think that before the caps were put in place that the sis what it was a large for with animals roaming about and now there's some
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human made crisis at play with sprawling refugee camps and it's just a very sad situation. but a select band of refugees is working to solve the problem with the support of the international union for conservation of nature there formed a group dedicated to safety shepherding elephants from the camp. they call themselves the tusk force. central to their strategy are $94.00 watchtowers which they built around the camp perimeter. they are manned by a team of over 500 brave refugees ready to intervene and protect both the people and. i'm heading up for a bird's eye view. of what. ok so what's going on there simulating what actually happens when an elephant comes and you see the yellow
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shirts yeah so they have the best possible x'mas so they are using the bible so they know. how to respond and they want to form a human shield and slowly moves towards that listening to the telephone and understands this danger i have. down on the ground it's clear how committed the tusk wars are. happening condition on the right you know i stand. by the hottie i see me i don't have to go up there so i think. i am quite loud and scary i think that was certainly sure enough an hour. since the times 1st started there has been no loss of life here despite 45 incursions by oliphant's it's an effective temporary solution until a longer term plan is made for managing the animals migration. the
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tusk force has motivated the community with over 500 people signing up to join and has supporters throughout the camp. what are you doing over here what is this. the idea i think it's all these different patterns and colors seems like it's a lot of work to do why go through all this trouble to do it without the holocaust my by that had to be. i don't wear all of a home with a machine a 3rd of. the death of my ready. you know limited family. do you feel that there's more danger living on the edge of the forest versus people who live in the interior of the camp. was without. doubt that i both saw what. i thought of philip as not on. the good of. the man in his own way to.
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his own i've been lucky and. not only do people feel more secure they are also more sensitive to the elephant situation saving the animals is now even part of the school's curriculum i believe you know what you're. doing. the objective is not to build on this momentum. recchi was already taking steps to find a permanent solution to the problem beginning with an in-depth scientific study of the elephants migratory habits. we're planning to put radio collars on the elephant this will give us a valuable data valuable science to have a better management of the whole situation once the exact migration route is no the goal is to clear a path for the elephants so that they can migrate unhindered once again of course
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we want to open the cordoned off from last possible that are so few leases that we need to consider before doing that it will take about 100000 people. people to move somewhere else that would be an immense logistical challenge but as human refugees continue to resettle around the world full moves are needed to reduce the impact on local animal populations what i've seen here gives me hope that animals do not always need to be victims of conflict and that a peaceful coexistence is possible. and. there are over 40 armed conflicts happening in the world today. each of them will leave a dangerous environmental legacy. and we can see that protection the environment is a norm and something which we do better standards in place we have joint conflict it's almost that anything goes you can cause whatever damage you like and there's no accountability there's no redress. we see very severe damage to many countries
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and many different ways damage to infrastructure such as serious risks a water facilities over extraction of resources. tax on industrial sites causing bust massive pollution so you can have these impacts was going to spiral on and last for decades after the conflict ends. we're in iraq in 20162017 islamic states at $530.00 oil wells on these ben for 9 months covering hundreds of square kilometers in fallout and pollution. dealing with health temptation caused by these fires is going to take years. so for the last 10 or 15 years we've seen increasing interest from governments around touch them into relation to conflicts it's got to me severance cuts me fostex know all the conflicts of merriment grandmama spandau mission many ways and that has consequences. so unless we focus on the environment you're in conflict in a storing up a lot of problems in feature. we
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live in a turbulent world where conflicts and climate change are threatening our environments and scary part is that the crops ruined for food are increasingly finding it hard to survive and in some cases they're going extinct. crop diversity is essential for food security and has declined by 3 quarters since $1000.00 hundreds. but there is an insurance policy a global network of seed banks. these are backup repositories of seeds which safeguard their biodiversity and can be turned to in times of crisis. when more broke out in syria in 20111 of these vital stores came under threat. on the outskirts of aleppo the team of scientists charged with maintaining the seed bank were forced to abandon their work and flee the country. but they never gave up
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hope. when some of them resettled just over the border in lebanon's bekaa valley they began rebuilding their collection. i'm traveling through the i car to seed bank to meet one of these scientists dr ali shahade the. good to see it here what happened to the seed bank in aleppo syria it became possible to access to the gym by all 3 got the premises and told the 2015 because every band accessed through the center by the armed group controlling the area. they stole the vehicles they stole the lot of equipments nothing left in the head call to exit the buildings and the june by. the war forced 5000000 refugees out of syria right now it's not safe for a doctor so how did to continue his work at home how hard was it to leave that seed
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bank behind i spent more than. 27 years of my life or going to the gym bag so it's a like a someone who left behind the babies all the long long history we dealt with them day by day we knew everything about the behavior of all of those plants in the field in the plastic houses even in the dream bangs time effort made by everybody. both syria and lebanon lie in the fertile crescent which is where farming began. it makes this part of the world an ideal place to work on safeguarding future food supplies this is the center of origins or we can put it the center of the misty cation because it's gone things all forms of crops like. we eat lentil chickpeas. all these crops or do you need to from this area. i want to get
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a closer look at the operation dr mariano he has big leads a team of 20 scientists including 3 who have relocated from syria their task is to painstakingly rebuild the syrian seed collection the seed vault here has a capacity to store 130000 seed varieties for over 100 years. the seeds are preserved by freezing them at temperatures of minus 20 degrees. all right. there we go. there was called. can see here south poles of the fresh crops are being conserved we're looking here . and you to me this is the heart the hard that is used for pasta making so we have a big collection of this and so i just decided for pasta say fear that you're going to get your thoughts that it's all the cups are here you have here barley
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a very important crops when you talk about dry areas and you talk with the 3 main crops which are we to talk about rice and you talk about corn so these are 3 main staple food that most of the users are using so important place this is a treasure these are important samples that we have to make sure they are surviving they are monitored they are available to the international community. there are $1750.00 strategically placed seed banks around the world each keeps the backup copy of their collection at the jewel in the crown of seed banks norway's fall of our global vaults. the doomsday vault it is built into the side of an arctic mountain so that the seeds can be frozen without the need for power. over 1000000 c varieties. are stored here so when the syrian seed bank was abandoned due to the war dr yes because team were able to recall their backups so this isn't was made
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to reconstruct our connection we did. we brought part of it here to 11 or you could build our collection here we could make it available again for researchers. all the seeds that come here are tested in the lab for viability some are then cross-bred to increase their resilience and improve productivity you have to make sure of 2 things 1st that they are free of diseases 2nd that they can actually germinate so they can produce plants they're alive and work in. each one of those sounds to have at least $85.00. out of 100 that sprout and can have. the brush that's the pressure. these seeds are thriving. but back in syria the war has decimated the country's ability to grow food one of the goals here in lebanon is to create
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a healthy seed collection to help ensure the future of agriculture in syria when the conflict ends. up here from the roof i can see that there are fields there are greenhouse is there is even some cattle and it's not just about saving the seeds but also testing that trying to find out the best variations that can withstand climate change and secure our food supplies in the future. this region has been struggling with worsening drought for decades the dry soil in lebanon a similar to serious by testing seeds in the harsh conditions here doctors and how they and his team can be confident that the crops will be resilient enough to survive the arid syrian farmland. what are these plants right here this is a wind we this is opposed to domesticate and wheat they are very unique and very viable for iowa then you can close it because they have adopted already to the hotshot environment and has very very useful genes to overcome climate
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change afaik diseases out frost heat. with climate conditions changing the biodiversity found here is vital not only for local but also global food security. already one of the wheat strains bred here has proven resistant to a disease known as yellow rust and has been sent to the u.s. where crops were failing to fight it. but with global warming seed banks themselves can be vulnerable. what's worrying is that melting permafrost is even threatening this valborg doomsday vault. research shows that the arctic town in which it's based is warming faster than any other. which makes the work being done in lebanon even more critical. 25 syrians in the same number of locals
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attend the farmland here. so it looks like they're doing some really important work over here can i give them a hand yes of course they are doing the hand weeding. seems that modern science hasn't quite figured out an alternative to getting down your hands and knees and just getting your hands dirty so we're just looking for the weeds we don't want weeds interfere with his experiments we want to make sure that his crops grow right and we have to also be careful not to hurt the crops of the weeds kind of grow in between here so you really got to have a good i. haven't read it so good. but. but then fanny and i had a civil lawsuit on him from the issue and stuff he'd been over with. dr ali has invited me for lunch meals are of course the final products of the crops grown here it's a chance for him to tell me more about the life in syria he was forced to leave
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behind this is actually the. nice memory everybody had a role for leading because we had. failed infested by autobahn keys unit had decided to go all together the breed the. international the scientists the technicians assistant their labors even the tea lady contributed to that day happy days it was a happy day is one of the most beautiful days and you're sure you'll go back yes very confident that i'll go back because i should go back. and nothing like home. it would've been easy to write off the card a seed bank as just another casualty of the syrian conflict but the hard work and dedication of ali and his team have ensured that their work transcends the conflict and is able to continue to play a vital role in protecting global food supplies. environmental
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fallout of who can linger for decades what is being done to heal the damage. the charity hainault trust have cleared nearly a quarter of a 1000000 mines from cambodia helping to make over 6000 hectares of land safe farming. in cameroon almost 50000 trees to be planted on degraded land around mina wow count which shelters refugees escaping violence in 1000. until after 50 years of conflict in a. was able to protect colombia's gibby cattail rain forest a former guerrilla stronghold. declaring this rich spider virus arian to be a world heritage site. in the midst of war the consequential damage to the environment can easily be overlooked but if we don't act to protect our natural
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world be nothing left to fight for. a $150000000.00 trees disappear every year into the clothing that we all wear from uk cycling to save the forests the famous yellow dress fade from blue jeans. to conserving the world's dwindling wetlands free of the aids world's global bird migration of life intersect right where we are to face it discovered a treasure trove it is one of the most special wetlands on the flop after ice ecosystems and that announces era.
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stranded at 8 long years on the su is canal. creating their own community and economy there was you know president bush used to go when he would al-jazeera world tells the tale of 14 cargo vessels accidentally caught up in the arab israeli conflict it was quite a surprise to find myself in right in the middle of a war through the sailors whose ships survived the desert sands the yellow fleet on al-jazeera. al jazeera where ever you were. in china cancer drugs can be pretty bit of leeks pensive some desperate patients travel to india to buy cheap generic versions but what cost $1.00 a when
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a swallows those smuggling to survive on out 0. 3 more iraqi protesters were killed in baghdad during their fight for political and economic reform. and richelle carey this is al jazeera live from doha also coming out. if he isn't page he wants a trial in the republican from seoul senate to decide his fate. a defiant benjamin netanyahu announces charges of corruption and says he will carry on as israel's leader. in the in the blues hall to be solid once law enforcement agencies this move.

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